sweet, neutral; affinity to Sp., Lu., K. meridians nourishes spleen, relieves diarrhea; benefits lungs, reduces cough; benefits kidneys, prevents leakage of kidney Jing, relieves spermatorrhea and leukorrhea, alleviates diabetes
sweet, neutral; affinity to Sp., Lu. meridians tonifies the Zhong Qi [spleen Qi], improves digestive function; benefits lung Qi, alleviates shortage of breath; nourishes blood, promotes generation of body fluids
sweet, slight bitter, slightly warm; affinity to Lu., Sp. meridians strongly tonifies Yuan Qi, relieves collapse of the Qi; tonifies spleen Qi, improves digestive function, alleviates fatigue; tonifies lung Qi, relieves shortage of breath; promotes generation of body fluids, relieves thirst; benefits heart Qi, calms the Shen
Sweet, Astringent, Neutral; ; affinity to Sp., Kid. meridians benefits spleen, relieves diarrhea; restrains leakage of kidney Qi, alleviates spermatorrhea; eliminates damp-heat descending, removes leukorrhea
tonifies spleen Qi, drains dampness; invigorates fluid circulation, relieves edema; consolidates the exterior, alleviates profuse sweat; pacifies womb, calms restless fetus
tonifies Spleen Qi, raises the Yang Qi, assists to generates blood; consolidates the exterior; unblocks meridians; promotes discharge of pus and healing of wound; promotes urination, eliminates fluid retention; generates body fluids.