sweet, slight bitter, slightly warm; affinity to Lu., Sp. meridians strongly tonifies Yuan Qi, relieves collapse of the Qi; tonifies spleen Qi, improves digestive function, alleviates fatigue; tonifies lung Qi, relieves shortage of breath; promotes generation of body fluids, relieves thirst; benefits heart Qi, calms the Shen
bitter, cold; affinity to H., Sp., Kid. meridians clears heat, drains dampness; expels wind and heat, relieves itching; eliminates damp-heat from small intestine through urination
activates blood circulation, unblocks menstruation; dissolves blood stasis, reduces swelling, relieves pain from trauma
moistens lungs, relieves cough, clears heart fire, calms the Shen
releases the exterior, expels wind and cold; activates Yang, invigorates heart Qi, eliminates fluid retention, unblocks meridians, relieves stiffness and Bi syndrome; unblocks blood vessle, improves microcirculation
sweet, bitter, very cold; affinity to H., Liv., Kid. meridians It should be avoid in those with spleen and stomach deficiency (diarrhea or loose stool), dampness, yang deficiency
aromaticlly discloses orifices, revives senses, penetrates through turbidity, eliminates phlegm blockages, ficilitates smooth Qi flow, activates blood circulation
tonifies blood, activates blood circulation, removes Qi stagnation, alleviates pain, regulate menstruation; moistens intestine, promotes bowel movement, relieves constipation.